Until the 17th century, the market town of Newmarket, was a quiet community stretching along a Roman highway. Its greatest claim to fame was that the warrior Boudica had lived not far away and had given a good account of herself. Things changed when King James 1st apparently got lost.
James 6th of Scotland and 1st of England.
England's new king was not renowned for his sporting prowess but he took to the hunting field with enthusiasm. In the 21st century it would be difficult to imagine the Queen out riding and then getting lost and left to find her own way home but according to history, James, in pursuit of hares in the fog-covered heathland of Suffolk, lost his way and ended up taking lodgings for the night at an inn named the Griffin. When the mist cleared the following morning, February 28 1605, he learned that he was at a place called Newmarket. So pleased was he with his discovery that he purchased the inn and decided to move there.
The king converted the Griffin into a hunting lodge and also purchased the neighbouring Swan Inn, now the site of Newmarket's Jockey Club. In addition he built himself a palace of sorts so that national business could continue while he was in residence. He spent his years as monarch donating prizes to various race courses and improving the breed of horse. The first recorded race took place at Newmarket in 1622, three years before the king's death.
King Charles 1
James was not a great horse racing man preferring hawking and hunting, but his son Charles, a stutterer, short and with weak legs, was a fearless rider. Having his own place at Newmarket, he frequently took part in matches. At this time it was usual for horses to be matched one against another, a sort of knock out tournament. hard and fast rules were virtually non existent.
Charles is credited with building the first grandstand at Newmarket and two race meetings in the spring and autumn became the norm. It was while he was there that the great portraits by Anthony Van Dyke and Peter Paul Rubens of the king astride enormous horses were painted. By now however, the storm clouds of unrest diverted Charles from sporting activities as seven years of civil war approached. His only return to his palace at Newmarket was as a prisoner.
King Charles II
During his time as Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell suppressed public race meetings fearing that they might become opportunities for royalist gatherings. After 1660 it fell to Charles II to reintroduce them but following the defeat of his father, Newmarket had become a base for disgruntled Parliamentary soldiers and inevitably the palace and other buildings had taken a hammering. Once the palace was restored, Charles II came back to his favourite place with his mistresses to watch his best horses and to ride himself, setting up prizes to encourage competition. He inaugurated the Newmarket Town Plate, a race in which women as well as men could compete. The rules were specific, the race run in heatswith the final taking place "on the second Thursday in October, for ever."
Charles gave his name to one of the two race circuits at Newmarket, the Rowley Mile. The king became known as Old Rowley after the name of the stallion he frequently rode when his runners were being exercised. It had the added barb in that the equine Old Rowley sired many foals.
Queen Mary II and King William III
The short lived reign of Charles's brother James II left little to time for sport and it was not until he was ousted by his niece and her husband, Mary and William of Orange that royal patronage continued. During this time William appointed William Tregonwell Frampton, one of Newmarket's historic eccentrics as Keeper of the King's Running Horses, a position he was to hold for forty years. King William bought promising horses as presents then ironically, he died when his own horse stepped onto a molehill, stumbled and dislodged his royal rider. Jacobite supporters toasted "the little gentleman in the velvet jacket."
It would be difficult to envy Queen Anne. Daughter of a disgraced king, married to a drunken bore, the Queen endured 17 pregnancies, only four of the babies surviving birth of which only one reached the age of 11 years. Stout and unhealthy herself, horse racing seems an unlikely passion but the Queen kept horses in training at Newmarket. Because of the distance from Windsor Castle however she favoured riding nearer to home at Windsor Great Park and in 1711 she was instrumental in founding a new race course at neighbouring Ascot. Since then, Ascot and Newmarket have been rivals.
The Queen died in 1714, the last of the Stuart monarchs, but breeding horses and horse racing at Newmarket and elsewhere has continued unabated since that time.…
Transferring files to and from computers often becomes a daunting and tedious task depending on the data’s characteristics (i.e. file size, number of files, file type, compressing files, etc.). Fortunately for Mac users, there is a plethora of methods to accomplish file transfers. This article will delve into the various categories of file transfers, beggining with the most rapid method and finishing with the slowest method. Despite the speed, each method has its own inherent advantage.
1)Direct Wire/Cord Transfer (i.e. USB Cables, Firewire 400/800, Ethernet, etc.)
Conventionally, taking an ethernet cord and connecting two or more adjacent computers, proves to be the fastest transfer method. Depending on the type of Ethernet cable, it can transfer data from 3 Megabytes/sec – 10 Gigabytes/sec (all of which is variable). The next fastest cord is Firewire 800 which transfers around 800 megabytes/s. Following this is the Firewire 400 cable which transfers data at a rate of approximately 400 megabytes/s. Finally the slowest of the modern computer cables is the USB cable. The USB 2.0 cable is capable of transferring up to 480 megabytes/s. All of these connections require a cord that has a dual sided USB, Firewire, or Ethernet connector so that one end may connect from the host computer to the receiving computer.
Once the cords are connected between the two computers, there are several ways in which the data can be transferred. Perhaps the best method is by booting the receiving computer up in a different manner. Begin by having the receiving computer off and the transferring computer on and running (with the cable of choice connecting the two computers). Boot the receiving computer, and hold down Apple Key + T until the computer has started up. The computer is now in an accessible mode where the host computer can hastily transfer or take files from the newly booted computer.
The file transfer can take place between two regular booted macintosh computers with the use of a third party (FTP or P2P) program. Programs such as Mac Orchard will detect the connection between the two computers and bring up a comprehensive overview of file transfers between the two computers. The advantage of the direct connect method is speed. This proves to be very useful with large files or a variety of files (such as music). The only disadvantage is that the computers can only be as far apart as the cord will reach.
This is the next fastest method of transfer and is quickly overtaking the speed of the direct wire transfer as new technology has been invented. Perhaps the easiest method is connecting two wireless computers onto the same wireless network or signing online from their individual wireless networks. A useful program is AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) where you can create a screenname and sign on, and rapidly transfer data between two computers. Once you have created a screenname and logged in, simply select File–>File Transfer and select the proper files to send to the designated user. The speed of wireless routers varies upon range and type (a/b/g/n) but has a typical range of 50-300megabytes/s. If computers both happen to have bluetooth capabilities, then the transfer can occur within a 30 foot wireless range and a speed of 1 megabyte/s. With Macintosh computers a search for the program within applications or clicking on the Bluetooth Icon in the upper right corner will allow the user to transfer between computers. The advantages of these methods are ease of access, as the wireless methods do not require any connection of cords or transfer of data to any other physical media.
Additionally, many file hosting websites are available online where data can be uploaded and saved to access at a later point in time. Examples of these websites are MediaFire, FileHosting, and RapidShare. The advantages of the online website are when a computer cannot be transported to a different location, the data can be retrieved from another computer via an internet connection.
3) Physical Media (USB Storage Key, CD’s, DVD’s, External Hard drive)
These methods require either a port (USB) or an encoding device (also known as “burner”) to write the media to the disk. USB keys range from holding 40megabytes – 2 Gigabytes, CD’s can hold 700 megabytes, DVD’s can hold 4 Gigabytes – 18 Gigabytes (depending if the DVD and burner has dual layer technology), and external harddrives (typically connect via USB) range from several gigabytes – 3 terabytes. Dual layer technology allows DVD’s to hold almost twice as much data, if your computer is capable of burning dual layer DVD’s. The best reason for this is portability as these devices are typically small or flat and also capable of playing through different media systems besides computers (i.e. DVD player). The only disadvantage is that the storage can be limited and your computer must have the technology to do so.…
Did you know that the average American consumes a hundred pounds of sugar per year? Did you know that more than half of that comes from soft drinks such as soda pop, fruit drinks and sugary alcoholic beverages? Well, it’s true. Without even realizing it, you could be downing more than a thousand extra calories per day in beverages alone. Over the past fifty years, soda pop and soft drinks have taken the American market by storm. It’s no wonder, we’re American’s- and we love our sugar. Pepsico and Coca-Cola Company are stock market heavyweights now, thanks to the millions of gallons of soft drinks that they sell. But did you ever stop and consider what all that extra sugar could be doing to you? Let’s take a look.
First off on the health crisis train, we stop at calorie consumption station. The average fast food soda cup holds a whopping twenty-five ounces of beverage. In every eight ounces of cola, there are 100 calories, all of which derive from sugar and corn syrup. If you’re doing that math, that twenty-five ounce fountain drink contains over 300 calories. And that’s just in the soda, forget the burger and fries. With many Americans downing three or more cans of soda per day at home, you can account that almost 500 calories of their daily intake is in pure, sugary calories. That is only three twelve ounce cans per day- many of us indulge in much more than that. Giving up that habit, or trading it in for water (or at least a diet cola) and you could save yourself a weight gain of more than a pound per month, or twelve pounds per year.
Sugar, in excess, is a diet disaster. Not only will it cause you to pack on the pounds, it can cause Type II diabetes later in life, too. Each time you gulp a can of sugary drink (and that includes fruit juice, too) your pancreas has to secrete a ton of insulin into your blood stream to keep your blood sugar levels in check. Over time, the pancreas becomes tired and depleted of insulin. This is caused from years of relentless sugar overload. When your pancreas can’t keep up anymore, you are officially a type II diabetic. If it comes down to this, you won’t be able to drink these beverages, anyway. So maybe it’s best to cut back while you are still healthy.
In alcoholic drinks, the outcome is no better. Margaritas, daquiries, pina coladas, long island iced teas, and other sugar based drinks are loaded with calories and sugar. The typical margarita contains about 350 calories, more than half from the sweet and sour mix. It’s best to stop consumption of these items altogether, or at least save them for very special occasions. Choose a glass of wine, liquor and diet soda, or a light beer as a better choice.
It’s never to late to cut back on your beverage consumption. Many Americans report being “addicted” to many soft drinks- particularly colas and citrus sodas. While switching to the diet version may be painful at first, in a week or two, we bet you can’t tell the difference. When you switch off a particular drink and trade it in for it’s diet counterpart, the “artificial” sweetener taste can be overwhelming. However, as your taste buds adjust, you will begin to grow accustomed to the new drink. While it’s better to stave off soda altogether, diet sodas are a good place to start.
Remember, even 100% fruit juice is no exception. While it may be derived from fruit, it is still a solid source of calorie laded, insulin spiking sugar. Limit fruit juice consumption to eight ounces per day and make the rest of your choices diet sodas or, more favorably, water. If you do continue to drink the eight ounces of juice per day, make sure it is 100% juice and not a juice “beverage”, which can contain a ton of sugar and only 2% real juice. (Hawaiian Punch is a great example of this.) Unsweetened orange, grapefruit or pomegranate juice make good options for your glass-a-day routine. Pomegranate juice is packed with cancer fighting phytonutrients- but remember, eight ounces per day is all you need.
If you find you can’t break your juice habit, it’s wise to reach for the fruit itself instead. An orange, half a grapefruit, an apple or grapes contain a lot less calories than their concentrated juices and also contain beneficial fiber, vitamins and minerals.…
Ahead of the release of new EP Identity Theft, and having recently reviewed Baby Scream’s delicious Monsters EP, a simple and elegant lesson in melodic songwriting for guy-and-a-guitar types everywhere, Indie Suite decided to talk to the band’s founder and main driving force, Juan Pablo Mazzola, about the weird and wonderful experience of performing live.
Musician’s Rite of Passage: The Empty Gig
Where are your best memories of performing?
JM: Playing at the Subrosa bar in Dortmund, Germany with and for my friends, in particular doing a Big Star cover with my friend Pille. Also I remember touring Germany with The Cheeks, opening their set with an acoustic guitar. Magic moments.
Once in Argentina a few years ago we played a really funny gig. You see I used to complain that nobody cared about Baby Scream and people were always telling me that our lack of success was my fault, the same people that never came to one of my shows! Anyway, there was this one night, we were playing in a real dive of a venue and the audience consisted of only 2 or 3 guys, and there were 4 of us onstage! In Argentina the laws got really strict about start times for shows because of a concert tragedy where 200 kids died. So we did the soundcheck at 19:50 and started at 20:00, nobody turned up until 20:30, by which time the show was over and we were already out of there. In a way that was probably one of the greatest shows I ever did, we played to noone and we played like it was our last show. The day after the show I was frustrated as hell..…. and people still insisted that it was all my fault, [he laughs].
Stupid Little Ducks and Football Stadiums
What’s the strangest thing that’s ever happened to you while you’ve been performing?
JM: That definitely has to be playing in a football match in Bodoe, Norway, near the arctic pole in 2007. I played before the match and there were 5000 people, it was freezing and I was playing a song called “Slut”. In the song, there is a part in which I sing “Stupid little f**k”, they asked me not to say f**k because of the kids there. So I ended up singing: “I’m a slut, stupid little duck” and I remember thinking, “this is really weird, 5000 Norwegians near the arctic pole and I am doing a solo acoustic gig….singing that I am a stupid duck”. Yep, I thought I was losing it.
Muddy Stardust and Childhood Heroes
Who is the most inspiring person you have ever worked with?
JM: Muddy Stardust, I was introduced to him by my friend Ariel Belont. Muddy is a genius.
He plays everything, plus he was one of my heroes when I was a kid so meeting him and working with him was amazing. Also, Osvaldo Mollo, he was my guitar teacher in Argentina when I was 13 years old. Nowadays we play together, his sound reminds me of Jeff Beck / Gary Moore, bluesy and deep.
Baby Scream’s EP back catalogue is available to buy now. New EP Identity Theft is due for release before 2010.…